*Read this series from the beginning.*  Kant’s distinctions about the sublime, and, in fact, the two forms of sublime Mathematical and Dynamical, are extremely nuanced and cannot be fully addressed here. But, there are some important points that help lead to the Axis Theory’s understanding of the sublime. Kant begins

Read More

*Read this series from the beginning.*  If ugly is the ontological opposite of pretty then disgust may be the ontological opposite of beauty. Kant closely ties the concepts of disgust and ugly. However, while Kant is ambiguous about ugly he clearly locates disgust within the imagination, as is beauty. He

Read More

Human Drapery 3 by Jordan Wade *Read this series from the beginning.*  Historically beauty and aesthetics go hand in hand. The question of beauty is the primary question of aesthetics. In the Thomist tradition, beauty is considered a transcendental with concepts such as the good and the true. If this

Read More

Leonardo da Vinci, Grotesque Head, c. 1480-1510 Red chalk on paper, 17.2 x 14.3 cm Windsor Castle, Royal Library *Read this series from the beginning.*  Ugly is the ontological opposite of pretty and fills the other side of the Sensual Axis. Where pretty causes sensual delight, the ugly causes sensual

Read More

Thomas Kinkade, The Cross, April 2010 *Read this series from the beginning.*  Kitsch Kitsch is often very clearly linked with the pretty. Certainly, that is the case with the work of Kinkade. Roger Scruton says, “The world of kitsch is a world of make-believe, of permanent childhood, in which every

Read More

*Read this series from the beginning.*  The Pretty Thomas Kinkade paints Cinderella It is often said that “beauty is in the eye of the beholder.” For Kant such an idea was absurd. “It would be…laughable if a man who imagined anything to his own taste, thought to justify himself by

Read More

*Read this series from the beginning.*  Axis Theory The Axis Theory takes cues from historic conceptions of the sublime and the beautiful, especially Kant, and seeks to harmonize those terms with contemporary usage and my own intuition. As is demonstrated in the diagram, the Axis Theory envisions ugly, pretty, beauty,

Read More

*Read this series from the beginning.*  Continuum Theory Diagram of Axis Theory For most people today there is a continuum of aesthetic ranking. Thomas Leddy addresses this paradigm in his work on Everyday Aesthetics.[1] There are many terms that can fit along this continuum but my focus will remain on

Read More

I have enjoyed using this website as a place to think through aesthetic ideas. I am in the process of developing a systematic theory on philosophical aesthetics. I began talking about these ideas here with the posts On The Beautiful, The Sublime, The Pretty, and the Ugly & Distinguishing between the Pretty and

Read More

The last part of my Philosophy for Theology project was to discuss my own academic interests. This will certainly give readers a better understanding of what my scholarly agenda is. Rondall Reynoso A Scholar of Art & Religion My area of academic interest is the relationship of religion with modern

Read More

The piece below is an expository piece that was written for my Philosophy for Theology class several years back as part of my Ph.D. work. It is actually an expansion of an older post on this site. This intersection of art and faith is at the heart of who I

Read More

This essay is from our Anastasis Series where we resurrect articles from the past that are either still relevant today or can be easily updated. This piece, first published in May 2013 as a series of six. The six different pieces have been combined into a single essay, edited, and

Read More

Something Unexpected There were two weeks in October that didn’t go as I expected. On Monday, October 9th, my wife was following the developing Northern California fires online when she saw that they were woefully shorthanded at the large animal evacuation site near us. We decided to spend a few

Read More