May 18, 2016

The Poverty of Systematic Theology

Rondall Reynoso

open_bible_by_rachel_titiriga_-_creative_commonsI come from a religious tradition that really values Systematic Theology. And, I have to admit I really like systematic theology. So why am I then writing about the poverty of systematic theology?

I had an experience a few years ago that got me thinking about this issue. When I was heading the art department at Louisiana College, an SBC affiliated liberal arts college, we were protested by an organization that protests schools that they feel are discriminating against homosexual students. The response from the administration was to keep the organization off campus. Many of our students were wondering how this was a response that showed Christian love.

I went to the administration the next day- first the Dean of Chapel then, the Vice President of Academic Affairs, and finally the President. My basic point was that we weren’t dealing with the questions and concerns of the students and I thought we should. The group had protested on Wednesday. These discussions took place Thursday afternoon. I advocated an open session where students could interact with a panel of faculty and administrators about the issues. My hope was for it to happen quickly, maybe even the next day but no later than the following week. When I left the meetings that is what I thought was going to happen. I felt we needed to show we were responsive and also consider the attention span of the student body.

Instead, the session was put off for two weeks. Even at that, it was well attended. But rather than an open discussion there were faculty and administration presenters arguing the case against homosexuality and explaining why the college had done what they did. There was no discussion. The only opportunity the students had to interact was when 3×5 cards were passed out for students to write down a question. Then two weeks later, the group reconvened to answer the questions on the 3×5 cards at least the ones that the administration decided they wanted to.

I was horribly disappointed in this response. First, it took a month for the entire process to play out. Second, it did not address the heart of our more thoughtful students question, “How does this show the love of Christ?” Finally, for the bigoted students (and yes there were plenty) it just reinforced the idea that “We don’t like them gays.”

What does this have to do with Systematic Theology?

I started calling the college’s response a Systematic Theology response. The reason I did this was because the response sought to isolate a particular issue for study and illumination. This is exactly what Systematic Theology does. It isolates particular issues and seeks to understand all we can know about that particular issue. Systematic Theology is a useful tool to help us understand theological points many of which are very important. But, it can also be a way of avoiding the messiness of what it means to be human. That is the poverty of Systematic Theology. There is a lot of ambiguity and messiness in this human existence. Too often, we are afraid of that messiness.

I support Systematic Theology but only as a tool. God could have chosen to deliver his Word to us as a treatise in Systematic Theology. He could have said on Subject #1 you should believe A, B, C, & D and only A, B, C, & D. And he could have enumerated it very clearly. But, he didn’t. He delivered to us a book, or rather a compilation of 66 books, that is approximately 75% narrative, 15% poetic, and only 10% propositional.

God knows the struggle that it is to be human. He wrote to us in a way that speaks not just to the facts of the matter but to the very heart and soul of our humanity. If God did not see fit to reduce his words to Systematic Theology, we need to be careful about doing so. And make no mistake it is a reduction. God’s Word is so much more full and vibrant and challenging and nuanced than we get when we simplify it to our Systematic Theologies. Those theologies are good tools to help us begin to unwrap the depths of God’s word but we cannot let them limit us. We cannot avoid the ambiguity and the messiness of Scripture for the clarity of Systematic Theology.

So, study theology, systematic, biblical, philosophic, natural, etc. but remember these are only tools to help us begin to seek to comprehend the God who is beyond our comprehension.

Rondall Reynoso

Rondall is an artist, scholar, and speaker. He is currently an Assistant Professor at Lee University in Cleveland, TN. He holds an MFA in Painting and an MS in Art History from Pratt Institute in Brooklyn, NY and is completing a Ph.D. in Art History and Aesthetics from the Graduate Theological Union in Berkeley, CA.

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