God for God’s Sake: Learning Theology from Aesthetics
I mentioned in a previous post how I had the joy of reading Aesthetics in a redwood forest in the hills near Santa Cruz. It was a great was to pass time as my wife was on a photo walk with a group from Google+. As I was reading an old concept hit me in a new way. I’m not sure why. Maybe it was because I was reading in such a sublime location or maybe because my current work requires that I think about aesthetics in a more theological way. Either way, as I read something really hit me.
In modern art, there has developed the concept of disinterested contemplation as the purpose of art. This concept tends to be the most prevalent when thinking about the “high arts” though I would argue that it is, at least in part, applicable to any art form. The phrase “disinterested” often throws people for a loop. Why would someone want to contemplate what doesn’t interest them? But that isn’t what it means. Essentially, it means that the contemplator is contemplating the object itself not what they can get out of an object. I’ll use my favorite car, the Aston Martin, as an example. The Aston Martin is a profoundly elegant and beautiful vehicle. A sculpture on wheels.
I can look at the Aston Martin and contemplate every aspect of its aesthetic appeal and when I do so I am certainly interested in the car but not for any reason other than the pleasure that the form of the car gives me- this is disinterested contemplation. On the other hand, I could look at the car and contemplate the pleasure I would get from the prestige of owning such a wonderful vehicle or the joy of driving 150 mph down a long stretch of highway- that is interested contemplation. I am not thinking just about the vehicle on its own merits but about what I could get out of it. In the fine arts, disinterested contemplation is often known by the simpler motto, Art for Art’s Sake.
Certain theorists have been rather troubled by disinterested contemplation; but, it occurred to me that if applied to faith disinterested contemplation is actually true faith. We live in a culture that is often far too interested in what we can get out of things. This sort of thinking has also bled over to the church. There is a feeling among many in the church that we should follow God because he will bless us with wealth or peace or comfort or any number of other desirable things. I remember this struck me powerfully when I was in Graduate School (the first time) at the Pratt Institute. I went to the Christian student group, which was mostly undergraduates, and was struck how the presentation of the Gospel given essentially argued that we should follow God because following God works. If you want “the good life” here is a way, the best way, to obtain it. That really struck me as wrong. I believe we should follow God because we believe He is true not because we believe we will gain benefit from following Him. I am not saying that God does not bless those who follow Him. Certainly, at times he does. But at the same time, scripture is replete with examples of those who followed God only to face great challenges or be killed. What happens to those who choose to follow God because “it works” when they face challenges? Is this sort of gospel at least part of the cause for the type of recidivism rate we see in the church today?
What the church, all too often, teaches is a sort of interested contemplation when it comes to God. We think of Him to get something from the experience… peace or comfort or blessing of some sort. I believe that those all can be blessings for those who have faith. But, true faith is disinterested contemplation… God for God’s Sake. True faith is loving and following God not because it works or because of what He can do for us but because He is true and right and of incomparable value… for His own sake.