September 9, 2019

Visio Divina in the Classroom

Rondall Reynoso

It is not uncommon for professors at Christian colleges and universities to begin class with prayer. I, however, attended public schools through high school. I attended public colleges until I transferred to a private secular art school in New York where I finished my bachelors and received two masters degrees. My point is that when I started teaching at a Christian university, the idea of starting class with a prayer seemed foreign. 

A few years later when I went back to work on my PhD, this time I was at a theological union, there were some professors who began class with prayer but not all of them.

However, at my current university, the student evaluations ask if professors begin each class with a prayer or devotion. Student evaluations are extremely important. So, it was time for me to get serious about how to do this in a meaningful way.

What to do about prayer?

On one level, it seems simple enough to just start each class with a short prayer. But, I was concerned about developing the academic version of the hackneyed grace prayer before eating. I don’t want something that checks a box but has little meaning. 

Those who follow the Faith on View Facebook page know that I like quotes. Every weekday, I share a quote meme with one of my favorite quotes on artwork made either by my wife or me. I thought about doing a devotion based off of one of these quotes each class. My concern there was that if a good discussion kicked up, it could potentially take a lot of time away from the subject matter of the class.

I also had the thought that I wanted whatever I did to be meaningful spiritually and also to support the subject matter I am teaching, which always has something to do with art: studio art classes, art history classes, and classes that engage art and faith.

Then I remembered something that I experienced at the Grunewald Guild in Leavenworth, Washington. I have a friend who was the Artistic Director at the Guild for several years and she brought me there to teach several times. When I was there, I experienced Visio Divina.

Visio Divina

According to the University of Portland, “Visio Divina — “sacred seeing” — is an ancient form of Christian prayer in which we allow our hearts and imaginations to enter into a sacred image, in silence, to see what God might have to say to us… All that is required is your receptive, contemplative silence.”

When I experienced Visio Divina at the Grunewald Guild, it was a much more in depth process than we have time for at the beginning of a class. So, I did some internet research and contacted my friend that introduced me to the practice to see if she thought it could work within my constraints. She was excited about the idea. After a little more research, I decided to give it a try.

Starting class with Visio Divina

Visio Divina is often an extended meditative prayer practice. Since, I don’t have that much time to start a class I decided to devise an abbreviated approach. I broke it down into three steps.

  1. Look Deeply– During this phase I ask each student to look deeply at the piece of art presented; notice what they don’t notice at first glimpse; and Spend time looking and exploring the piece of art.
  2. Look Prayerfully– In the second phase the students are to ask God what we should learn from this piece. Let it speak to us. Let God speak to us.
  3. Be Still– It is easiest to hear from God when we are still. Here I ask students to be still in the presence of God and the artwork and allow Him to speak to them.

Since this happens at the beginning of class, I only allow one minute for each step. That isn’t much time. But, in our culture we are not used to sitting in contemplation and meditation for even three minutes. 

Visio Divina in Practice

I have only been doing Visio Divina in class for two weeks. It is a new practice. Ideally the lights are down when students enter the class and the opening slide is set reading “Visio Divina: Divine Seeing.” I let the student’s chatter die down. Sometimes, I have to shine a laser on the students shoulder to remind them not to talk. I try not to shush them but to subtly remind them that this is a meditative time. When the room quiets, I advance to the next slide which is set on a timer. We sit quietly as the projection automatically progresses through the three stages with words prompting them for each stage.

Personally, I have found this short time of Visio Divina very gratifying. I don’t have a firm grasp on how the students feel about it yet. But, I haven’t heard complaints. When I introduced the concept to them, I told them that people often are uncomfortable sitting quietly and looking but I hope by the end of the semester they will come to appreciate it.

I think it is good for the students to come to class and quiet their minds while meditating on art and God. I pray that they learn to appreciate it as much as I do.

Below is the first Visio Divina we did in class.

Rondall Reynoso

Rondall is an artist, scholar, and speaker. He is currently an Assistant Professor at Lee University in Cleveland, TN. He holds an MFA in Painting and an MS in Art History from Pratt Institute in Brooklyn, NY and is completing a Ph.D. in Art History and Aesthetics from the Graduate Theological Union in Berkeley, CA.

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